For the socio-economic development of any country, the Construction industry plays a very important and crucial role. As the world is becoming technologically advanced every day, there was a need for advancement in building material for the new generation.
Advance Building Materials is the use of high-technology appliances for construction. The aim to introduce Advanced building materials is that there was a need to make building and infrastructure smarter, sustainable & energy-efficient, and more resilient. In simpler terms, ABMs are like digital engineering that is not only favorable for the environment but also increases profitability through economically viable solutions. Innovation and transformation are always important to change the cliched ways through which things are done. The use of nanoengineered materials, biomaterials, fiber optics, and super hard coating materials provides an innovative alternative to traditionally used construction material.
How do ABMs become so popular worldwide?
The traditionally used construction materials such as cement, bricks, concrete, wood, glass, and steel have provided versatility and low-cost maintenance for years. However, due to rapid growth and urbanization, there was a need to replace traditional construction materials with advanced technological units.
For example, the traditional cement is replaced with Portland Cement as it consumes a large number of scarce mineral resources and is environmentally friendly. The United States and China are the highest emitters of carbon dioxide with annual emissions of around 3.2 billion and 2.8 billion carbon emitters. It is estimated that by 2050, the demand for Portland cement will reach 6000 million tons a year as it is providing excellent results in both cold and hot regions. By 2030, it is assumed that 30% of the building units will be energy efficient.
The wave of innovation and environment-friendly construction was seen in 2015. A survey conducted by McGraw-Hill Construction reveals that 51% of the construction industry are using advanced building materials to transform their conventional way of building into ultra-modern construction. 61% of the companies in Europe and the US have succeeded in shifting their construction business towards the green building by 2019 from 13% and 28% in 2015 respectively.
One of the advanced building materials used in modern construction is Energy Saving Solutions. PETRA BUILDCARE has invented the first of its kind ThermoSolutions (ThermoShield and ThermoPlast) that are manufactured using Hollow NanoSphere Technology. This advanced technology prevents the transfer of heat which eventually helps in saving money on utility bills. These Thermosolutions protect the wall from damage and reduce the cost of maintenance. The Department of Energy recommends the use of Cool Roofs to save energy. Cool Roofs have the ability for solar reflectance, thermal emittance, and lower utility bills which provides comfort in the building. The solar reflectance index of PETRA BUILDCARE Thermo-Shield is measured 110/91 which makes it the best coating for cool roofs. ThermoShields have a greater R-value than ordinary wall putty and they can be easily applied on a flat, sloped roof or corrugated metal roof.
Another popular advanced building material is concrete admixtures. These admixtures are adding value to the walls by providing sustainable infrastructure, durability, and long-lasting protection to the walls. Their high workability, compressive strength, ability to resist high temperature, and energy conservation propensity has made concrete admixtures one of the most demanded construction unit in India, China, Brazil, Africa, and the Middle East. One of the market surveys claimed that the global market of Concrete admixtures will reach $16.32 billion by 2022.
Advanced mortar and micro silica are also among the most used advanced building material for construction. Advanced mortar is used to hold bricks or stones together. It is a mixture of cement, sand, and water which furthermore provides tensile bonding strength to the surface. It also provides great compressive strength, durability, and uniformity to the surface. Micro silica on the other hand is composed of fine solid glassy spheres of silicon dioxide. The particles of micro silica are finer than fly ash and are less than 1 micron (0.00004 inches) in diameter. Thus, advanced building materials are gaining momentum in the construction industry everywhere. They are taking the level of construction to next level along with providing comfort to the buildings.